Clinical Research FAQ
Q: What is clinical research?
A: A clinical trial is a research study sponsored by a pharmaceutical company to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an experimental medical device, treatment, or medication. After showing benefit in the laboratory, new treatments must be tested among small groups of people to determine the proper dose and to test safety. After a dose has been determined, the dose is tested on large groups of volunteers to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the treatment for a specific condition, such as eczema, psoriasis, or acne.
Q: Why is clinical research performed?
A: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires pharmaceutical companies to conduct clinical trials before new treatments can be made available to the public for prescription or over-the-counter use. Clinical trials are carefully monitored under the FDA's strict regulations. Clinical trials are important to ensure that people receive safe and effective treatments. The trials provide a way to develop new treatments that are as effective, more effective, or safer than treatments already on the market. The trials also make it possible to develop new treatments for conditions that currently have no treatments available.